America's first female presidential nominee for a major party has always been a powerhouse — but she also has a sweet side.
Hillary Diane Rodham was born on October 26, 1947, in Chicago. She was raised in the suburb of Park Ridge, Illinois, with her brothers Hugh Jr. and Anthony.
Hillary attended Maine South High School, where she was very active, serving as her class vice president and member of class council, and participating in class newspaper, National Honor Society, Speech and Debate, and Pep Club.
Hillary was chosen by her fellow students to give the first student commencement speech at her own graduation on May 31, 1969. She publicly rebuked a Republican Senator on the platform, and earned a seven-minute standing ovation for her impassioned words. "For too long, those who lead us have viewed politics as the art of the possible," she said. "The challenge that faces them and us — now — is to practice politics as the art of making possible what appears to be impossible."
After her fiery speech about coming of age in the era of Vietnam and the struggle for civil rights, Hillary was profiled in LIFE magazine that June.
Hillary met Bill Clinton while they were students at Yale Law School in New Haven, Connecticut, in January 1972. Later, both worked on George McGovern's presidential campaign. "I was studying in the library, and Bill was standing out in the hall talking to another student," she . "I noticed that he kept looking over at me. He had been doing a lot of that. So I stood up from the desk, walked over to him and said, 'If you're going to keep looking at me, and I'm going to keep looking back, we might as well be introduced. I'm Hillary Rodham.' That was it."
After law school, she went to work for the Children's Defense Fund. Then, she served as a lawyer for the congressional committee investigating President Nixon. In August 1974, Hillary moved to Arkansas to teach at the University of Arkansas School of Law. (Here, she and Bill played volleyball in Fayetteville, Arkansas, during the summer of 1975.)
"I actually turned him down twice when he asked me to marry him," she of Bill. "He asked me in England on a trip after law school graduation. I said, you know, I can't say yes. I feel too badly. And then about a year later he asked me again, and I said no. He said I'm not asking you again until you're ready to say yes."
They finally married on October 11, 1975, in the living room of their brick cottage in Fayetteville, Arkansas. The night before their wedding, Hillary's mother found out she didn't have a dress, so she drove her to the Dillard's department store in the Fayetteville Mall, where she purchased a $53 Jessica McClintock Victorian lace gown, one of the first that she saw.
Hillary and Bill started their own family in 1980. Arkansas' First Lady gave birth to daughter Chelsea — named after the Joni Mitchell song "Chelsea Morning" — on February 27. She's pictured with Chelsea in 1982.
Then the Governor of Arkansas, Bill Clinton announced his candidacy for President and the family went to work campaigning. Hillary, Bill and Chelsea Clinton attended the Democratic National Convention in New York City in July 1992 (pictured).
The campaign also marked one of the couple's toughest periods: Gennifer Flowers, a model and actress, alleged that she had a 12-year affair with Bill. He and Hillary presented a united front on CBS' "60 Minutes" (pictured) on January 26. "I'm not sitting here some little woman standing by my man like Tammy Wynette," Hillary famously told Steve Kroft during the interview. "I'm sitting here because I love him and I respect him."
Despite the controversy, Bill Clinton defeated incumbent President George H.W. Bush. Before the family set out on a planned bus trip to Washington, D.C., Bill gave a farewell speech to the people of Arkansas, at an airport rally in Little Rock on January 16, 1993. Hillary hugged her daughter Chelsea during the address.
President Bill Clinton was inaugurated on January 20, 1993. He danced with First Lady Hillary Clinton during the inaugural ball in Washington, D.C.
As First Lady, one of Hillary's biggest passions was trying to enact universal health insurance. (She campaigned with Everett Koop in this 1993 photo.)
Princess Diana talked with Hillary during a luncheon at the British Embassy on October 22, 1994, in Washington, D.C.
On June 19, 1995, Hillary met with Mother Teresa at the opening of the Mother Teresa Home for Infant Children in Washington, D.C.
"Human rights are women's rights, and women's rights are human rights," First Lady Hillary Clinton, then 47, said during the UN Fourth World Conference on Women on September 5, 1995, in Beijing. Clinton called for the conference to guarantee women's rights to good health care.
When she was First Lady, she won the 1997 Grammy for best spoken word album for the audio version of her book, It Takes a Village, on February 26.
Hillary laughed with her mother, Dorothy Rodham, during a 50th birthday celebration outside her childhood home in Park Ridge, Illinois, on October 27. That night, President Clinton joined her for a birthday gala in Chicago.
During the investigation into President Clinton's affair with Monica Lewinsky, he and Hillary escaped to St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. On January 4, they danced on the beach of Megan Bay.
At a White House event promoting education on January 26, 1998, Hillary gave a speech — then stood by as her husband gave a statement denying any improper behavior with Monica Lewinsky. "I did not have sexual relations with that woman," he infamously said.
After Bill left office, Hillary ran for the U.S. Senate. She addressed a New York Women for Hillary event in New York on October 17, 2000 (pictured). Hillary defeated Republican Rick Lazio for the Senate with more than 55% of the vote. When she won, she became the first woman to serve as U.S. Senator from New York — and the first First Lady to hold elected office. (Abigail Adams, Eleanor Roosevelt and Claudia "Lady Bird" Johnson all held various appointed positions.)
In 2006, Senator Clinton (with former President Bill Clinton on November 7 in Chappaqua, New York) was re-elected to the U.S. Senate with 67% of the vote.
Democratic presidential candidate Senator Clinton shook hands with fellow candidate Senator Barack Obama at the first presidential debate in Orangeburg, South Carolina, on April 26. After winning 21 state primaries, she nonetheless ceded to Obama. On June 7, she thanked her supporters during her speech at the National Building Museum in Washington, D.C.: "Although we weren't able to shatter that highest, hardest glass ceiling this time, thanks to you, it's got about 18 million cracks in it."
President Obama appointed Clinton as U.S. Secretary of State. She was sworn in by Vice President Joseph Biden (with former President Bill Clinton, Chelsea, and her mother Dorothy Rodham watching) at the State Department on February 2, 2009. Clinton is the 67th Secretary of State of the United States and is the most-traveled Secretary of State in U.S. history, covering more than 950,000 miles in visits to 112 countries during her four years in office.
Secretary Clinton and her mother Dorothy Rodham posed with the bride: Chelsea Clinton married Marc Mezvinsky at the Astor Courts Estate on July 31, 2010, in Rhinebeck, New York.
Secretary Clinton waited with President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and members of the national security team for an update on the mission against Osama bin Laden in the Situation Room of the White House on May 1, 2011, in Washington, D.C. Obama later announced that the United States had killed bin Laden in an operation led by U.S. Special Forces at a compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
In a now-famous photo, Secretary Clinton checked her messages upon departure in a military C-17 plane from Malta bound for Tripoli, on October 18, 2011.
On December 1, after the State Department Dinner for the Kennedy Center Honors gala, actress Meryl Streep took an iPhone photo with Secretary Clinton.
Chelsea Clinton and Marc Mezvinsky welcomed daughter Charlotte in September at New York City's Lenox Hill Hospital. The family waved as they left the hospital on September 29, 2014. "I want to be — I hope, it's a little presumptuous — I want to be for my grandchild what my mother was for her grandchildren," she . "She was challenging, she was emotionally supportive, but she also was clear in setting expectations. Like, 'I think you can do that' or 'Why are you worried you can't do that?' or 'I thought you did really well, you tried hard.'"
Secretary Clinton signed copies of her second memoir, Hard Choices, on October 2, 2014, in Coral Gables, Florida.