took home eight Oscars, including Best Picture, Best Director (Victor Fleming), Best Actress (Vivien Leigh), and Best Supporting Actress (Hattie McDaniel). Hattie was the first African American actor to win an Academy Award.
Gary Cooper, Joan Fontaine, Mary Astor, and Donald Crisp took home the acting awards. Joan beat out her own sister, Olivia de Havilland, for the Best Actress award. Donald, along with many other men, wore military uniforms to the ceremony because it was the first Oscars held after the U.S. entered WWII.
Mickey Rooney and his mother, Nellie Carter, chatted up Best Actor nominee Walter Pidgeon while sitting in the audience in the Cocoanut Grove at The Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. Walter was nominated for his role in (which took home six Oscars) but he lost to James Cagney.
won Best Picture and the acting awards went to Paul Lucas, Jennifer Jones, Katina Paxinou, and Charles Coburn. The ceremony took place in Grauman's Chinese Theatre and was broadcast to the troops overseas.
Ingrid Bergman, Barry Fitzgerald, and Bing Crosby took photos together after winning for (Bing and Barry) and Gaslight (Ingrid). nabbed seven major Oscars that night including Best Picture and Best Director (Leo McCarey).
Joan Crawford accepted her Best Actress Oscar for from her bed at home because she was too sick to attend the ceremony.
Harold Russell held his two Oscars (Best Supporting Actor and an honorary award) alongside Olivia De Havilland, Cathy O'Donnell, and Anne Baxter. Harold lost both hands during an army training exercise and is one of only two people to win acting Oscars despite not being a professional actor.
Anne Baxter presented at the ceremony where took three awards including Best Supporting Actor for Edmund Gwenn and Best Screenplay for George Seaton. 71-year-old Edmund was the oldest Oscar winner until George Burns won in 1976 at the age of 80.
Ava Gardner was the epitome of glamour on the red carpet wrapped in a stole and dripping with jewels. She presented the documentary awards.
Olivia de Havilland added a second Best Actress Oscar to her mantel after winning for her role as Catherine Sloper in The Heiress.
The 23rd Academy Awards was all about . The film won six out of the 14 categories it was nominated in. Both Bette Davis and Anne Baxter failed to secure the Best Actress Oscar, which went to Judy Holliday for .
Humphrey Bogart and wife Lauren Bacall arrived in style to the ceremony at Hollywood's Pantages Theater, where Bogart won Best Actor for .
Shirley Booth posed for photographers while gripping her Best Actress Oscar for playing Lola Delaney in . This also marked the first year that the ceremony was televised.
Audrey Hepburn took the stage to accept the Best Actress Oscar for her role in .
Marlon Brando and Grace Kelly celebrated their Oscars with a kiss. was the big winner of the night. The film won Best Picture, Best Actor (Brando), Best Supporting Actress (Eva Marie Saint), and Best Director (Eliza Kazan). Grace took home the Oscar for Best Actress for her role in .
Jack Lemmon arrived at the ceremony in New York City with his wife, Cynthia Stone, on his arm. She proved to be a good luck charm because he took home the Best Supporting Actor Oscar for his role in .
Elizabeth Taylor hung out backstage with winners Yul Brynner () and her third husband, Mike Todd, who won an Oscar for producing Best Picture winner .
Best Supporting Actor and Actress winners Red Buttons and Miyoshi Umeki hugged it out after nabbing Oscars for their roles in Sayonara. The ceremony had multiple hosts including Bob Hope, Rosalind Russell, David Niven, James Stewart, Jack Lemmon, and ... Donald Duck.
Susan Hayward wiped the sweat off David Niven's brow as they posed for photos after winning the Best Actor and Actress Oscars. She won for and he won for . Meanwhile, that year, host Jerry Lewis scrambled to fill the time when the final award was given out 20 minutes before the show was scheduled to end.
Simone Signoret (Best Actress for ) posed for reporters alongside William Wyler, who won Best Director for and Best Actor Charlton Heston, who also won for the same flick.
Elizabeth Taylor accepted her first Oscar for Best Actress for her role in .
Rita Moreno couldn't contain her excitement while making a phone call after winning Best Supporting Actress for West Side Story. One of the evening's stranger moments involved a New York City cab driver taking the stage to give host Bob Hope a homemade Oscar statue.
Sophia Loren and Gregory Peck enjoyed each other's company at the 35th Academy Awards, where Peck nabbed the Best Actor trophy for . Frank Sinatra hosted the show.
Attendees at the Governors Ball (the official after-party) congratulated Sidney Poitier on his history-making Best Actor win for . He was the first black actor to win that award.
Presenter Rex Harrison and other stars gathered in front of the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium before the ceremony, which marked the first time the Oscars were broadcast in color.
Walter Matthau was all smiles back at his table after winning Best Supporting Actor for . A strike by the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists nearly kept the whole show from happening, but a settlement was reached hours before the ceremony.